Thank you for visiting. This blog is here to provide a place where we can share ideas on teaching EAP via Creative Approach to Language Teaching (CALT). CALT has been inspired by ideas of Ken Robinson, Mihalyi Csikszentmihalyi, Edward de Bono and many others who find creativity a natural part of our intelligence and necessary component of learning. It focuses on divergent thinking and combines constructivist, ICT-enhanced and task-based learning methods with a community-of-practice style of communication. Its basic aim is to make language learning in higher education as natural as possible.

Monday, 11 April 2016

Introduction to writing




This is a 30 minute activity that introduces some basic characteristics of writing we may not usually focus on.



Step 1 

Students are given separate sheets of paper and the following instruction:

Write one sentence that expresses your opinion on the statement “Writing is important”.



1.1. Theoretically, it could be any statement, but, if we want students to think about writing, it is preferable to focus the topic on writing, too.

1.2. Students can be informed that they can agree or disagree with the statement, they can explain it, paraphrase, develop, bring examples… simply any reaction is correct.

1.3. There is no time limit for writing that sentence. But this is not stated. Simply, no time limit is set and if anybody asks, the answer should be: “No, there is no limit.”

1.4. It is essential that students are instructed to write one sentence only, long or short, but one. The reason is that when we discuss writing later in the step 4, students should also realize that one sentence expresses one idea.




Step 2

Students are asked to pass the paper to their colleague sitting on their left. They should read the sentence their colleagues have written and write their own reaction to that. They can agree, disagree, develop the idea or come up with a new one - simply, anything is possible again – it only has to be a clear reaction to the first sentence, and it must be only one sentence again.

When all students finish, they are asked to pass the papers to their colleagues sitting to their left again and do the same – read the sentences of their colleagues and react to them in one sentence. This can be repeated as many times as we like, but the more text, the longer each change takes and the activity can become difficult to handle. In my experience, if each student writes their own original sentence and four reactions, it is usually enough for them to get some immediate practical experience with writing to talk about.

Then, students are asked to send the papers back to the authors of the original statements. They can read the collaborative texts they have produced.




2.1. It takes different amount of time for each student to read and write their sentences. We should not push the slower students to hurry up, as it is one of the goals of the task to realize that writing is individual.

2.2. There can occur different reactions of students during this task. We should not stop any of them, as students are going to reflect on what is going on later in the next step. 



Step 3

Students are asked to recall what was going on while they were engaged in the task and they should write as many characteristics of that activity (writing) as possible. They can produce adjectives or descriptions. They should reflect on what was going on, what it involved, and/or also what they observed.



Step 4

Students are asked to discuss their ideas with the rest of the class. The teacher writes all points on the board and draws attention to the ideas which are essential for writing practice.



The characteristics and ideas often mentioned are:

 

1)      Writing is an individual activity. 
       (Each of them writes individually, on their own.)


2)      Writing is a form of communication. 
     (In the first sentence, the students could have thought nobody was going to read their sentence, but starting with the second one, they knew they were writing for their peers; somebody was going to read it. That could influence the content or form of their writing. Students could start modifying their opinions according to the audience and the other authors.)


3)      Writing takes time –different time for each person. 
      (They could observe that some people had ideas coming fast and they could express them in a short time, while others took their time, they were polishing their sentences, rewriting or changing them. Some could not think or write at all. Why those differences occur can be discussed with the class - it usually is a very interesting discussion and makes students think about the process of writing even more.)


4)    The same idea can be expressed in many different ways. 
     (Students could often read a very similar opinion to their own expressed in a slightly or very different way. They should be aware of differences in form.)


5)    Writing includes reading. 
    (Starting with the second sentence, all of them had to read in order to write their comments. This is related to the point 2, a form of communication; our writing usually reacts to writings of others.)


6)   In writing, we tend to formulate our views and ideas more carefully and precisely.  
      (When students are writing, almost all experience the moments when they search for the right or “best” way to express their ideas or change a sentence after they see what they have written.)


7)      Each sentence is an expression of one idea. 
      (Here, we can explain why we insisted on one sentence only each time.)


 AND


 8)   Writing can be improved by writing. 
     (Each skill needs exercise. This task can set some style of work - when we deal with writing we are going to write a lot.)





I use this activity usually at the beginning of a course focused on writing, or at the beginning of series of activities focused on writing. Sometimes, 30 minutes is enough, in many cases, however (especially in groups with rather diverse needs, skills or experience of the group members), it is worth having a longer discussion on what writing includes.   


4 comments:

  1. Thank you for allocating this compelling information here between us. I truly admire you for your efforts you take to write this long article for us. Keep sharing your guidance.
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    Replies
    1. Thanks. I am happy that it is useful and I hope I will find some more time to get back to writing these posts again.

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  2. It is a really interesting lesson plan. Thanks alot for sharing.

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